37 Forgiveness. Mark 11:26

Medieval depiction of Mark by Andrea Mantegna. Wikipedia.

37 Forgiveness. Mark 11:26

But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.
Another verse completely absent in most modern translations calls for our attention.
This is such an important statement by Jesus Himself, that when it is left out there should be a clear reason.

Let us first look at the manuscript evidence:

Mark 11:26 Forgiveness

Possibilities: Omitted: Included in 7 versions:
Witness: Greek: Translations: Church Fathers: Greek: Translations: Church Fathers:
101-200 Diatessaron
201-300 Sahidic
301-400 א, B, W Vulgate, 1Syriac, Bohairic 1 Old Latin, Gothic
401-500 1 Old Latin, 1 Syriac, Armenian,Georgian A, D, C 2 Old Latin, Vulgate,Syriac Augustine
501-600 2 Old Latin, Ethiopic
601-700 3 Old Latin, Syriac
701-800 L, Ψ 1Old Latin Old Latin
801-900 Δ K, X, Θ, Π
Minuscules 4Minuscules f1, f13, 17 Minuscules

According to the oldest Greek manuscripts, this verse had not been part of the original autograph of the Gospel according to Mark. The oldest manuscript evidence for this verse, interpolated from Matthew 6:15, is the compilation of Tatian, called the Diatessaron. Tatian created a single narrative of all four Gospels. In this document he compiled what he deemed important and harmonized the four Gospels at will. Though his single narrative had been quite popular during the first centuries, especially in the Syriac speaking communities, later Church leaders realized the corruption caused by it and restored as far as possible the original individual Gospels. Yet his influence is evident in the Byzantine Type of text, commonly used by the later Greek Orthodox Church, causing multiple copies being made.
One of these copies had been used by Desiderius Erasmus when he printed the first Greek New Testament in 1516. The King James and most of the older translations made after 1516 used Erasmus’ printed version, later known as the Textus Receptus as source for their translations, not taking into account the inferior quality of text it represented.
The question we are confronted with is: “does the omission of this verse from Mark nullify this important statement and warning of Jesus?”
The answer is a clear NO! In the preceding verse 25 Jesus said:” And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.” The word “and” with which vs.25 starts, binds it to vs. 24, making is one complete statement. Jesus stated that forgiveness is a definite precondition to receive the Father’s forgiveness. The interpolation of vs. 26 from Mat.6:15 causes it to stand on its own with no real function to either the sentence or the understanding of the cause under discussion. In Matthew this verse forms the second part of a couplet with vs.14, a well known figure of speech to emphasize the point made. In Mark it has no function.
By restoring the text to its original as Mark reported this incident, we are just removing the unnecessary tampering of the text by Tatian.
Forgiveness is not only a precondition for receiving our Father’s forgiveness, it is a wonderful relieving experience to be enjoyed by the Christian every day!
Don’t miss out on it.

God bless!


About Herman of bibledifferences.net

The reasons for the differences between older Bibles like the King James Version and newer Bibles like the New International Version have fascinated me ever since my studies in Theology at the University of Pretoria in the seventies. I have great respect for scribes through the ages as well as Bible translators, so there must be good reasons for the differences. With more than 5600 Greek manuscripts and more than 19000 manuscripts of ancient translations to our disposal, the original autographs of the New Testament can be established without doubt. I investigate the reasons behind the differences and publish the facts in a post on my blogs www.bibledifferences.net (Afrikaans: www.bybelverskille.wordpress.com) to enable my readers to judge for themselves. Personally I love to make an informed decision based of facts. That is why I endeavor to provide that same privilege to the readers of my blogs. Since 1973 I am married to my dear wife and greatest friend, Leah Page, founder director of Act-Up Support (www.actup.co.za) a prayer ministry for families struggling with drug-, occult- and other dependencies. We are blessed with two daughters and two sons, four grand sons and two grand daughters. God is alive and omnipotent! Glory to His Name! Herman Grobler.
This entry was posted in Desiderius Erasmus, Diatessaron, Textus Receptus. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to 37 Forgiveness. Mark 11:26

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