Welcome! Start here!

Welcome! Start here!

See what the blog “Bible Differences” can provide and how it may be of use to you. I focus mainly on the New Testament, but occasionally look at something from the Old Testament.

A list of Scriptures already studied can be found at “Scriptures“.

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122 “In Christ” omitted from Galatians 3:17.

Did Paul write that the covenant ‘was confirmed of God”, or did he write that it “was confirmed of God in Christ”? That is what is on the table when we find two variations in the manuscripts available to us.
One group of manuscripts in two versions corresponds with the KJV, that indeed the covenant was confirmed in Christ, while the other version, corresponding with the NIV, omitting “in Christ”, which means that it was confirmed by God. Was it God, or Christ? Both can’t be correct. One must be a variation on the original. Continue reading

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121 “Jesus’ Wife” Fragment: The Collective Negative Judgment

Herman of bibledifferences.net:

The Jesus’ Wife fragment had been a hoax after all, See the evidence in this article by Prof Larry Hurtado.

Originally posted on Larry Hurtado's Blog:

The latest issue of the journal New Testament Studies (vol. 61, no. 3, July 2015) contains a battery of commissioned articles from several scholars that collectively present the reasons that the putative Coptic fragment referring to “Jesus’ wife” (GJW) is a modern forgery.  The small galaxy of scholars are of unquestioned expertise in the language and the texts, and here combine to show why the putative fragment cannot be accepted as a genuine early Christian text.   The table of contents of the issue is here.  (The link is slow, but wait for it.)

Simon Gathercole’s article, “The Gospel of Jesus’ Wife: Constructing a Context,” presents reasons why a reference to a wife of Jesus doesn’t really have a context in early Christian texts, contrary to Prof. King’s proposal.  And he reiterates reasons why the GJW fragment is a pastiche of phrases heavily indebted to the Coptic Gospel of…

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120 Quotation from Ps 24:1 left out from 1 Corinthians 10:28.

120 Quotation from Ps 24:1 left out from 1 Corinthians 10:28.

I always love it when authors of the New Testament quote from the Old Testament. Therefore I was very concerned when I found that the precious word “The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it.” is missing in most modern versions of the Bible. Why would they omit this quotation from Psalm 24:28?
Our first criterion is the external information derived from the manuscripts to our disposal. Continue reading

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119 Damage to a Manuscript Causing a Variation. 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

Could damage to a manuscript cause a variation? That is the question on the table in our research to find the cause for a variation found in some manuscripts in 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

Paul refers to the coming of the opponent of Christ whom John calls the Antichrist. Does he call him the lawless man, or “the man of sin”. Two different Greek synonyms are in the focus. Did Paul use “anomias”, lawless, or “hamartias”, sinful? In reality it might not make a huge difference, but it gives us an indication of how some variations might be caused. Continue reading

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118 The spirit of the Antichrist, 1 John 4:3

Why would confessing Jesus as born in the flesh be a standard by which to test the spirit within a prophet?

1 John 4:2 – 3: “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of Antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.

The version we find in the KJV is supported by 1 Uncial manuscript up to 500 A.D. as well as 5 after 750 A.D. as well as 17 minuscule manuscripts after 850 A.D. and three ancient translations, 2 from Syria and an Aramaic translation.

Modern translations have a shorter version, like the NIV: “”

1 John 4:2 – 3: “This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world. Continue reading

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117 Was it Herod, or his informants that said that John the Baptist had risen from the dead?

Mark 6:14

Herod said, or others said; elegen, or elegon

An interesting variation occurred when an epsilon (e) was confused for an omicron (o) or visa versa, causing some manuscripts to read elegen; “he said” while others read elegon; “they said”. In the uncial letter type, these two letters can easily be confused with one another. Continue reading

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116 Was it an angel or an eagle that John saw flying through heaven? (Revelation 8:13)

In Revelation 8:13 we are confronted with a variation that merits our full attention.

Was it an angel or an eagle that John saw flying through heaven and making the announcement that the last three angels were about to blow their horns?

KJV: “As I watched, I heard an eagle that was flying in midair call out in a loud voice: ‘Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the trumpet blasts about to be sounded by the other three angels!’ ”

NIV: “And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!’ ”

Was it an angel or an eagle? Continue reading

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